A Bunion presents as a lump or bony bump on the side of the foot below the big toe joint. This bone, the first metatarsal, slowly starts to bend in towards the smaller toes causing inflammation. This inflammation can in turn cause new bone to grow, creating an inflamed bone spur that sticks out from the joint.
A Bunionectomy is the traditional surgical procedure to remove the enlarged lump at the big toe joint. The surgeon may be able to improve the alignment of the big toe by correct the tendon or ligament balance that initially gave rise to the Bunion.
This operation is reserved for very minor bunion deformities in elderly patients where the bunion bump is the main problem and the alignment operation is not recommended because of osteoporosis, poor health or frailty.